Hamstring Strain

Muscle injuries can be painful and distressing. Muscles are resilient and adaptable structures that produce the forces through their attachments onto bone via tendons in order to create movement and control to joints. Muscles are responsible for both high speed and power movements like sprinting, and slower movements like squatting. They are capable of working at different ranges or on different levels of stretch. Some muscles are more susceptible to strains and tears than others.

These include: the hamstrings, quadriceps, adductors (groin) and calf muscles which span across two joints. These injuries commonly occur in people engaged in running and jumping sports. One of the more common muscle strains is to the hamstrings (a group of three muscles at the back of the thigh). We use the hamstring as an example here to describe how muscle strains occur and how best to manage them.

The key is to know that if you take a disciplined approach with your rehabilitation program – it will get better over time. The key role for the physiotherapist is to act as a coach on the journey. This journey could take as little as a week for a grade one muscle injury or two to three months for a muscle injury with tendon involvement.

If you have experienced a muscle injury, or for any other condition or service, get in touch with our friendly team today.


How common is hamstring strain?

A hamstring strain is an injury to part of one or more of the muscles at the back of the thigh. Muscle injury occurs when the force demand on the muscle exceeds the strength or length tolerance of the muscle.  This represents the balance between the demands of the movement/activity you want to do, and the capacity of the muscle to produce the forces required for that activity.

An injury to the hamstrings can occur as a result of high level forces such as sprinting or slow repeated stretching forces as can occur in dance. 

The hamstring muscle group are made up of three muscles which span from the pelvis to the shin bone and act on both the hip and the knee joints

Hamstring injuries (strains or tears) remain the most common injury in sports. The severity of the injury is commonly graded based on how much of the muscle is injured (Grade 1-3) as well as where in the muscle the injury has occurred (involving the tendon, junction, muscle sheath). 

What are the risk factors for hamstring strain?

There are a number of risk factors for sustaining a hamstring muscle injury:

Careful assessment by our team of Physiotherapists at Body Logic can help identify the most likely factors for your muscle injury and target a program that is individualised for each person. 

Myths about hamstring muscle injury and treatment

Facts about hamstring muscle injury

Approaching hamstring injury

The first step is understand how and why the muscle injury occurred, the degree of tissue damage involved, your body control and conditioning  as well as your individual goals for recovery. Together we build a plan to get you back to full capacity.

Hearing your story

Assessment of hamstring injuries

This includes an assessment of:

Treatment of hamstring muscle injury

The great news is that there are lots of effective treatments that our team of physiotherapists at Body Logic Physiotherapy can offer for a hamstring muscle injury.

First is to identify the key factors contributing to the injury and working out what structures specific structures within the muscles are affected in order to build a plan that is tailored to your personal needs.

Body Logic physiotherapists use the above information to explain to you the following:

Exercise rehabilitation program

We will develop a graduated strengthening exercise program to get you back to your activity or sport as soon as possible. Recent research shows that early exercise rehabilitation speeds the process of recovery.

This usually involves a graduated program that includes: 

Return to sport program

Injury prevention program

We know prevention is easier than cure…so after a rehabilitation program we will provide you with an injury prevention program. This will include:

Other strategies that are helpful to treat muscle injuries are:

Consistency in implementing this to your lifestyle can help you develop healthier and more resilient muscles.